Landeshauptstadt Mainz

Landeshauptstadt Mainz Direkt zum Inhalt

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Rome on the Rine

For a full 500 years Mainz served as a major site of Roman activity, serving as an army headquarters, administrative center, political capital of Upper Germania, and cultural nexus.

Introduction of currency rapidly replaced barter and trade and commerce between Rome and its Germanic-northern European lands flourished. Citrus fruit, wine, olive oil and spices were typical commodities.

Roman objects from the Sacred Site of Isis- Mater Magna

The largest Roman theater north of the Alps, seating 10,000 spectators was 10 times larger than today’s Mainz State Theater. Its stage measured 42 meters wide, double that and more than the that of the Metropolitan Opera, the auditorium 16% longer than a soccer field! First discovered in 1884, above the Mainz-South Rail Station, major excavations here only began in 1999.

The Roman presence is readily visible. Hardly a day passes when ruins, monuments, coins, personal effects, implements and household items come to light during excavations for buildings, road repair, and rail station renovations.

An acquaduct in Mainz-Zahlbach, gravestones in Mainz-Weisenau, the Jupiter Column in front of the State Parlament, the city gate at Kaestrich, and the shipwrecks extricated from the Rhine, still in excellent condition, reveal a vibrant Roman society